Градска библиотека "КАРЛО БИЈЕЛИЦКИ", Краља Петра I 11, 25101 Сомбор, 025/431-011, 025/482-827



In Sombor, the General Assembly of THE PRIVILEDGED ROYAL SHIPPING SOCIETY reached a decision by which the ''Franc's canal'' was, without compensation, given to the country. However, the country unwillingly accepted the gift, because the entrance to the canal from the Danube was that muddy that the flow through it was almost impossible. A way out of the situation was to dig out a new entrance upriver on a much better place, which demanded+ great investments, but in the end it acctually happened, in 1856. Anyhow, the Society was not interested in profit from canal because it had very abundant profit by renting four chamber properties.


A merry group of citizens, followed by music, and led by Martin Parčetić, the first Chief Justice of Sombor, chose a place on Karakorija, on the left side of Gakovački road, before Nenadić homesteads and there built THE GALLOWS, the reason why this rising ground is still among people called ''the gallows''. The need for them came from the Charter of the Free and Royal City of Sombor, which gave it the right of IUS GLADII "THE RIGHT OF THE SWORD", i.e. the right to bring and execute the death penalty on very hard criminals.


In Sombor PETAR DESPOTOVIĆ was born, educator and writer, who, right after graduating from the Preparatory School became a teacher in the Girls' School. Later, after advanced training, he bacame teacher in the Teacher-Training School in Pakrac, where he was fired in 1878, imprisoned and expelled from Croatia, because he had organized help for Serbia in their war with the Turks. Since the persecution continued while he was in Sombor too, he moved to Serbia, where he passed away in 1917 in Kruševac, previously working as a teacher in several places. He was one of the initiators of Golub (Pigeon), the first editor of Rodoljub (Patriot), associate in many a magazine and paper, and the book Schools of the Serbs in Hungary and Croatia was a valuable source of information, and the Historical Pedagogy for Teachers of National Schools, will have two issues as an official textbook.


About 10 o’clock with the advance guards of the Red Army, led by lieutenant-colonel Hudzivadze, Sombor welcomed freedom, but it was paid by the lives of 1.195 victims, out of which even 964 were Jews. At the same time, the first partisan troop from Sombor entered Stapar and occupied nearby places. Very soon power was given to the city administration headed by Gliša Rakić, who immediately put an announcement on the streets, which, among the other things, said that: "those who steal, rob, kill or jeopardize citizens’ security or in any other way break the public peace and order, WILL BE SENTENCED TO DEATH”.