Градска библиотека "КАРЛО БИЈЕЛИЦКИ", Краља Петра I 11, 25101 Сомбор, 025/431-011, 025/482-827



As soon as the Military frontier region was established, Sombor became a military entrenchment, which meant that all the duties of soldiers towards the district stopped, which it fiercely opposed. In the entrenchment there were 200 soldiers, under the command of a captain, and they were divided into a cavalry and an infantry. The cavalry had two second lieutenants, two warrant officers, two sergeants and four corporals, with 90 privates. The infantry had one second lieutenant, one warrant officer, one sergeant, four corporals and 90 privates. If needed, the cavalry gave help to the settlements on the Tisza, and the infantrymen kept internal order, prevented plunders on the Danube, and together with the cavalry, made sure there were no bandits in the swamp area.


The so called ALTERNATIVE was signed, an agreement between the Orthodox and the Catholic inhabitants of Sombor concerning the proportional assignment of places on the governinig positions. Therefore, the first Chief Justice was a Catholic, elected for two years, and the following two years on the same position there was an Orthodox. The same rule applied to the membership of both Internal and External Senate. This document was a prerequisite, together with 150.000 forints in gold paid to the Court treasury, for granting Sombor the rank of Free and Royal City.


In Sombor Bačka, a weekly in Hungarian, appeared, which lasted all to the First World War. Its first editor was Đerđ Radič, the headmaster of the Grammar School, who was a prominent translator from Serbian to Hungarian and vice versa, together with Ede Margalić, Pal Demeter, Mita Popović... whose translations were published in this magazine as well. This magazine did much for charishing and developing the national conscience of the Hungarians in this region, as well as on the bringing together the two nations. However, later, at the turn of the century, the magazine will change its orientation.


In Vršac IVAN RADOVIĆ was born, a painter and an academician who was living in Sombor for about thirty years. Namely, after his father's death, his mother with four young children came to Sombor, where Ivan graduated from the Grammar School and the Teacher-Training School in 1913, and for a short period worked as a teacher in Stanišić. After the art studies in Budapest and the art colony in Nagybaranya and short stays in Prague, Paris, Munich and Vienna, he returned to Sombor to be a drawing teacher in the Teacher-Training School in 1923, and stayed here for five years after which he permanently moved to Belgrade. Apart from the numerous autonomus exhibitions, he exhibited a lot collectively with a group Oblik (Form), then Šestorica (The Six) and in the company of the Painters' Association of Serbia. He was a member of the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences, an excellent tennis player and the member of the Yugoslav Davis Cup national team. He died in Belgrade in 1973.


In Banatska Gradiška VELIMIR-VELJKO ČUBRILOVIĆ was born, a great patriot and national educator. After graduating from the Teacher-Training School in Sombor in 1905, he worked in Bosnia where he got to know all misery of the country folk, which led him to his revolutionary work as a member of Mlada Bosna (Young Bosnia).